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GRE考试阅读长难句分析(71)

编辑:Yan发布时间:2011年8月9日 留言(0)

说明:为方便广大考生备战GRE考试,学网整理出GRE考试阅读长难句分析,希望对考生们有所帮助

  For the woman who is a practitioner of feminist literary criticism, the subjectivity versus objectivity, or critic-as-artist-or-scientist, debate has special significance; for her, the question is not only academic, but political as well, and her definition will court special risks whichever side of the issue it favors.(5)

  对于一个从事女权主义文学评论的妇女来说,主观性还是客观性,或者说评论家应该做艺术家还是作科学家的争论有着特殊的重要性;对她来说,此问题不仅仅是学术上的,而且还是政治上的,并且她所给出的定义,不管有利于问题的哪一方面,都会招致特殊的风险。

  难句类型:复杂修饰、插入语、倒装、省略、抽象词、易淆指代(来源:学网)

  解释:首先解释一下几个词汇:versus:在这里不是前面的against的意思,它和后面的or都是“是….还是…”的意思,其英文释义为:in contrast to or as the alternative of free trade versus pretection 。court:招致(风险、失败),英文释义:to act as to invite or provoke (courts disaster).

  分号前面的句子的主语被插入语"or critic-as-artist-or-scientist"分开,正常情况下应该是the subjectivity versus objectivity debate。这种名词修饰名词的情况在GRE和GMAT考试中是常见的,如前面讲过的句子中出现的mind-body problem.

  最后的条件状语从句whichever side of the issue it favors看上去不难,但却不好理解,首先是whichever被提前的表示方法,相当于no matter it favors which side of the issue 的倒装,no matter被省略,which提前并改成了whichever,后面的side of the issue也被提前到主谓it favors之前,issue在此之前面的主要问题,即主观性还是客观性的问题,而it前面的名词太多,一下子不好辨别,其实就是指本句的主语her definition.

  意群训练:For the woman who is a practitioner of feminist literary criticism, the subjectivity versus objectivity, or critic-as-artist-or-scientist, debate has special significance; for her, the question is not only academic, but political as well, and her definition will court special risks whichever side of the issue it favors.

 

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