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华东师范专升本——大学英语机考复习题库

编辑:匿名发布时间:2012年1月17日 留言(0)

说明:华东师范专升本——大学英语机考复习题库(含答案)

华东师范专升本——大学英语机考复习题库

 

一、词汇 (共65题)
1.  How risk it is! _______, thanks God, you are safe.
A.Anyhow        B.Anywhere      C.Somehow       D.Somewhat     
.标准答案:A

2.  As there is not much time left, Tom tells that story _______.
A.in detail              B.in short              
C.in all                 D.in brief              
.标准答案:D

3.  What an unlucky day it is! I _______ the train and _______ my umbrella at the station.
A.missed; forgot         B.forgot; lost          
C.missed; left           D.lost; forgot          
.标准答案:C

4.  What he said_______  me and I got angry.
A.broke         B.hurt          C.wounded       D.damaged      
.标准答案:B

5.  We can not judge people solely by their_______ .
A.look          B.beauty        C.expression    D.appearance   
.标准答案:D

6.  As he finished his speech, the audience burst _______ thunderous applause.
A.in            B.into          C.out           D.upon         
.标准答案:B

7.  When we plan our summer vacation, father often offers_______  suggestions.
A.effective     B.practical     C.careful       D.acceptable   
.标准答案:B

8.  Mike, did it ever_______  to you that you would be punished for being late?
A.happen        B.occur         C.reflect       D.strike       
.标准答案:A

9.  I stay home today not _______ the rain, but _______ I am tired.
A.because; because
B.because of; because of
C.because; because of
D.because of; because
.标准答案:D

10. —Why didn’t you tell him the good news?
A.before        B.until         C.when          D.after        
.标准答案:A

11.  When his shoes _______, Tom just throws them away.
A.come to an end
B.are put to use
C.are used up
D.wear out
.标准答案:D

12.  Our family prepares a party to_______  my grandpa’s 80th birthday.
A.celebrate     B.welcome       C.calculate     D.remember     
.标准答案:A

13.  _______ you are free, why not go shopping with us?
A.Because       B.Since         C.As            D.For          
.标准答案:B

14.  He suggested the conference be _______ because of the bad weather.
A.put away               B.put up                
C.put down               D.put off               
.标准答案:D

15.  —_______ do you visit Mr. White?
A.How soon               B.How often             
C.How long               D.When                       
.标准答案:B

16.  An _______ happened last month on Highway 105.
A.incident      B.accident      C.affair        D.event        
.标准答案:B

17.  We should _______ arms and began to fight against the invaders (侵略者).
A.take on                B.lay down              
C.take up                D.shoulder                   
.标准答案:C

18.  Before dinner the professor made a short _______to the guests.
A.delivery                    B.pronunciation              
C.conversation                D.speech                     
.标准答案:D

19.  Thomas learned many Tang dynasty poems _______ when he was very young.
A.by heart               B.by mind               
C.by the way        D.by book               
.标准答案:A

20.  Will you_______  me the favor to take down the pictures on the wall?
A.give          B.do            C.make          D.bring        
.标准答案:B

21.  He heard nothing _______this matter.
A.concerned     B.conception    C.concerning    D.revealing    
.标准答案:C

22.  The bottle_______  500 milliliters.
A.is            B.refers        C.covers        D.contains     
.标准答案:D

23.  Marry could not _______ her dislike for that proud young man.
A.overthrow     B.overcome      C.defeat        D.overtake     
.标准答案:B

24.  Companies must consider how they_______  data so that their employees can find it quickly.
A.classify      B.recognize     C.store         D.accumulate   
.标准答案:A

25.  We are _______ making a schedule for the sports meeting.
A.planning                    B.considering                
C.thinking                    D.supposing                  
.标准答案:B

26.  To be a nurse _______ endurance and patience.
A.asks for               B.calls for             
C.looks for              D.pays for              
.标准答案:B

27.  Mr. Li usually writes his_______  on the margin (页边空白处) of our compositions.
A.comments      B.words         C.review        D.command      
.标准答案:A

28.  How could they draw different_______  from the same facts?
A.conclusions                 B.theories                   
C.results                     D.ideas                      
.标准答案:A

29.  His heart_______  so fast that he could hardly breathe.
A.beat          B.hit           C.strike        D.struck       
.标准答案:A

30.  Could you repeat what you have said just now? I didn’t_______ .
A.go on                  B.keep on               
C.catch on               D.insist on             
.标准答案:C

31.  On the way home, Bill was_______  in a storm and got all wet.
A.got           B.caught        C.held          D.grasped      
.标准答案:B

32.  The head office of the bank is in Shanghai, but it has_______  all over the country.
A.branches      B.bases         C.boards        D.businesses   
.标准答案:A

33.  Language is the carrier of culture and_______  is influenced by culture.
A.in case                B.in turn               
C.after all              D.once again            
.标准答案:B

34.  Everyone in the class voted _______ the party.
A.in relation to    B.in excess of     
C.in contrast to    D.in favor of      
.标准答案:D

35.  The hotel_______  him $50 for a room for the night.
A.offered       B.charged       C.paid          D.gave         
.标准答案:B

36.
—I’d like to take a two-day holiday.

—, we’re too busy.
A.Don’t worry
B.Don’t mention it
C.Forget it
D.Pardon me
.标准答案:C

37.  Without her parents’ _______, Marry got married with Tom.
A.allow                       B.consent                    
C.permit                      D.appreciation               
.标准答案:B

38.  It makes no_______  whether you go with us or not.
A.means         B.suggestion    C.difference    D.idea         
.标准答案:C

39.  She planned to go to France to study French, but that is _______ now.
A.out of question
B.out of the question
C.in question
D.in the question
.标准答案:B

40.  The bell had_______  rung than the students quieted down.
A.when                        B.hardly                     
C.no sooner              D.once                       
.标准答案:C

41.  Quite a few popular English expressions_______  from the Bible.
A.acquire       B.obtain        C.derive        D.result       
.标准答案:C

42.  Several screws of your desk have come loose. You’d better_______ them.
A.settle        B.correct       C.pick          D.fix          
.标准答案:D

43. —Can you remember the name of the little boy?
A.reminds       B.puzzles       C.disturbs      D.escapes      
.标准答案:D

44.  I can see a boy in this picture, but I can’t _______ who he is.
A.make out               B.get across            
C.look out               D.take after            
.标准答案:A

45.  The huge fire is reported to have_______  more than 1000 people dead.
A.remained      B.kept          C.left          D.had          
.标准答案:C

46.  I’m sure Linda will be able to find the supermarket—she has a pretty good_______  of direction.
A.idea          B.feeling       C.expe6ence     D.sense        
.标准答案:D

47.  —What do you think of the movie today?
A.more          B.very          C.most          D.as           
.标准答案:D

48.  In China students seldom _______ what their teachers say.
A.ask           B.question      C.wonder        D.accept       
.标准答案:B

49.  Children are likely to get _______if no one cares about their upbringing.
A.out of hand       B.out of order     
C.out of place      D.out of work      
.标准答案:A

50.  Wash your hands before you _______ my books.
A.operate       B.handle        C.employ        D.pour         
.标准答案:B

51.  Tom _______ the tiger, fired but missed it.
A.shot                        B.aimed                      
C.aimed at               D.killed                     
.标准答案:C

52.  If a baby bird stays _______ for two or three weeks after leaving the nest, it has a fair chance of becoming an adult.
A.living        B.lively        C.alive         D.live         
.标准答案:C

53.  William_______  like a perfect gentleman.
A.blames        B.behaves       C.does          D.betrays      
.标准答案:B

54.  I_______  stay home than go out.
A.like to                B.had better            
C.would rather           D.prefer                     
.标准答案:C

55.  —What do you do to_______  your living?
A.earn          B.make          C.take          D.benefit      
.标准答案:A

56.  We should not to dress_______  for the job interview.
A.cautiously    B.casually      C.badly         D.barely       
.标准答案:B

57.
—How can I use it?

—Well, look at , please.
A.explanations                B.expressions                
C.instructions                D.introductions              
.标准答案:C

58.  The current political _______ of our country is favorable for foreign investments.
A.climate       B.weather       C.state         D.occasion     
.标准答案:A

59.  The_______  of diamond under the land made the people richer.
A.founding      B.invention     C.discovery     D.existence    
.标准答案:C

60. _______  the production going up, an increasing supply of raw materials is needed.
A.As            B.For           C.With          D.Through      
.标准答案:C

61.  _______ is not gold that glitters.
A.All                         B.The whole             
C.Everyone                    D.The entire            
.标准答案:A

62.  Oh! Your new necktie_______  very well with your business suit.
A.fits          B.does          C.goes          D.suits        
.标准答案:C

63.  It’s_______  unusual for me to get angry, but I was shocked_______  by my boss’s attitude.
A.completely; fairly     B.fairly; quite         
C.completely; quite      D.quite; fairly         
.标准答案:B

64.  I hope you don’t mind me asking,_______  where did you buy your new skirt?
A.and           B.yet           C.but           D.so           
.标准答案:C

65.  I’m afraid I will have to_______  her invitation to the party.
A.refuse        B.refute        C.ignore        D.decline      
.标准答案:D


二、语法 (共65题)
1.  —______ I sit here?
A.Will          B.May           C.Must          D.Need         
.标准答案:B

2.  John was made______  the piano so much that, at times, he thought about giving up.
A.practise
B.practicing
C.to practise
D.to be practised
.标准答案:C

3.  Does______  matter if we can’t finish this job on time?
A.its           B.it            C.this          D.that         
.标准答案:B

4.
—What can you see in this picture?

—I can see old man sitting on the chair.
A.a             B.an            C.the           D./            
.标准答案:B

5.  Lucy realized that many of these questions were hard______ , and perhaps some even could not be answered at all.
A.to answer              B.to be answered   
C.answering                   D.for answer            
.标准答案:A

6.  The number of pages in this book______  about two hundred.
A.are           B.have          C.is            D.has          
.标准答案:C

7.  The restaurant near the campus,______  last year, is very popular among the students.
A.open                        B.opening                    
C.having opened          D.opened                     
.标准答案:D

8.  I can’t agree with______  you said.
A.when          B.what          C.that          D.whether      
.标准答案:B

9.  It’s known by everyone that______  horse is______  useful animal.
A.a; an                  B.the; the              
C./; a                   D.a; a                  
.标准答案:D

10.  Without electricity, human life______  quite different today.
A.would be
B.will be
C.would have been
D.is
.标准答案:A

11.  You______  try it again if you fail this time.
A.would best             B.would better          
C.had best               D.had better            
.标准答案:D

12.  You’d better keep the windows______ . It’s so hot here.
A.open          B.opening       C.opens         D.opened       
.标准答案:A

13.  The new secretary is supposed to report the manager as soon as she______ .
A.will arrive
B.arrives
C.is going to arrive
D.is arriving
.标准答案:B

14.  Don’t go out. We are about______  dinner.
A.having                      B.to have               
C.have                        D.had                        
.标准答案:B

15.  Most cars______  display are new products.
A.on            B.in            C.under         D.of           
.标准答案:A

16.  It’s still a puzzle______  he became rich overnight.
A.what          B.that          C.how           D.which        
.标准答案:C

17. ______  in my life can give me such pleasure as drawing.
A.Something     B.Everything    C.Nothing       D.Anything     
.标准答案:C

18.  No sooner______  seen her father than she ran to him.
A.had she                B.she had               
C.is she                 D.she is                
.标准答案:A

19.  Tom bought ______ new telephone yesterday and he is talking with me by______ telephone now.
A.a; the                 B.the; /                
C.the; the               D.a; /                  
.标准答案:D

20.  “Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince” was the best film______  last year.
A.to show                B.to be shown      
C.showing                     D.shown                      
.标准答案:D

21.  My sister,______  works in Shanghai, sends me an e-mail almost everyday.
A.whom          B.that          C.which         D.who          
.标准答案:D

22.  My parents are no longer ______ they use to be.
A.how           B.that          C.what          D.which        
.标准答案:C

23.  The population of this city is______  that of ours.
A.twice as much as
B.twice as large as
C.as twice much as
D.as twice large as
.标准答案:B

24.  The weather seems as if it______  summer already.
A.was           B.are           C.is            D.were         
.标准答案:D

25.  —There’s coffee and tea; you can have______ .
A.one           B.it            C.either        D.each         
.标准答案:C

26.  He told me he______  for Shanghai tomorrow.
A.will leave             B.was leaving           
C.left                        D.had left              
.标准答案:B

27.  Here______  the bus! Let’s go!
A.comes                       B.will come             
C.is coming              D.came                       
.标准答案:A

28.  Not until he came back______  know about it.
A.I did                  B.did I                 
C.didn’t I              D.I didn’t             
.标准答案:B

29.  If I______  you, I______  to take the job at that time.
A.were; would have chosen
B.had been; would have chosen
C.am; would chose
D.were; would chose
.标准答案:B

30.  Mary______  a book about China last year, but I don’t know whether she has finished it.
A.has written            B.wrote                      
C.had written            D.was writing           
.标准答案:D

31.  This kind of apple tastes______  and sells______ .
A.well; well             B.good; good            
C.good; well             D.well; good            
.标准答案:C

32.  I love______  history because it gives us______  knowledge of past events.
A.the; a                 B./; a                  
C./; /                   D.a; the                
.标准答案:B

33.  Internet crime is a subject______  the world might argue for a long time.
A.of which               B.with which            
C.about which            D.into which            
.标准答案:C

34.  I wondered whether this book was______  worth______ .
A.very; to read     B.well; to read    
C.very; reading          D.well; reading         
.标准答案:D

35.  He received the order______  he should come back______  the noon.
A./; during              B.that; by              
C.which; at              D.when; in              
.标准答案:B

36. ______  leaves last should close all the windows.
A.what          B.that          C.whoever       D.whom         
.标准答案:C

37.  Of all the story books, I like this one______ . It is not interesting at all!
A.very much              B.the best              
C.very little            D.the least             
.标准答案:D

38.  As Aristotle______ , “people______  to cities for a living, and live in cities for a better life.”
A.said; come             B.said; came            
C.says; come             D.says came             
.标准答案:A

39. —Do you have to leave now?
A.can’t        B.have          C.should        D.must         
.标准答案:D

40.  How beautiful she sings! I have never heard______ .
A.the better voice
B.a good voice
C.the best voice
D.a better voice
.标准答案:D

41.  I earned 30 dollars______  day as______  supermarket cashier on this summer vocation
A.a; an                  B.the; a                
C.a; a                   D.a; the                
.标准答案:C

42.  You______  have brought your camera. They all had theirs with them.
A.couldn’t     B.needn’t      C.wouldn’t     D.mustn’t     
.标准答案:B

43.  It used to______  that sugar could decay the teeth.
A.be believed            B.believe                    
C.believing                   D.being believed        
.标准答案:A

44.  I don’t know______  to laugh or to cry______  it happens again.
A.whether; if            B.if; whether           
C.whether; whether       D.if; if                
.标准答案:A

45.  They went into the meeting room,______  they had a break.
A.in it                  B.in that               
C.in there               D.in which              
.标准答案:D

46.  At what age are children able to distinguish______  right and wrong?
A.among         B.during        C.between       D.with         
.标准答案:C

47.  It was______  I caught a cold.
A.such cold a day yesterday that
B.such s cold day yesterday
C.so cold a day yesterday that
D.so a cold day yesterday
.标准答案:C

48.  The plan was in______ just because few people were willing to cooperate.
A.ruins         B.pieces        C.danger        D.trouble      
.标准答案:A

49.  Why do you have the water______  all the time?
A.run                         B.to be running    
C.running                     D.being running         
.标准答案:C

50.  Considering the above-mentioned, I think, it is high time that we college students______  a good look of our behavior.
A.take                        B.took                       
C.taking                      D.will take             
.标准答案:B

51.  You can ask him______  time if you are still confused.
A.two                         B.second                     
C.the second             D.a second              
.标准答案:D

52.  I’ll start early,______  I over sleep.
A.however       B.unless        C.whether       D.if           
.标准答案:D

53.  Tom ran to the railway station, only______  the train has already left.
A.found                       B.finding                    
C.to find                D.find                       
.标准答案:C

54.  Returning home, Jim found the back door open and something______ .
A.to steal               B.to be stolen     
C.stealing                    D.stolen                     
.标准答案:D

55.  Our new______  has four bedrooms and a sitting room.
A.house         B.place         C.family        D.home         
.标准答案:A

56.  It was______  impossible for her to finish this job all by herself.
A.quite         B.very          C.two           D.much         
.标准答案:A

57.  The population of this country______  3 million and one third of it______   farm workers.
A.are; is                B.are; are              
C.is; is                 D.is; are               
.标准答案:D

58. ______  you help me, I______  it.
A.Supposing; do
B.If; am doing
C.Provided; will do
D.Given; haven done
.标准答案:C

59.  This new dictionary belongs to______ .
A.I             B.they          C.their         D.Mary         
.标准答案:D

60.  He said he had finished reading this novel and______   he would borrow another one.
A./             B.that          C.when          D.whether      
.标准答案:B

61. ______ , she still needs to improve.
A.As she a pop star
B.As she is pop star
C.A pop star as she is
D.Pop star as she is
.标准答案:D

62.  —Needn’t I tell him everything that’s happened to his father?
A.Yes, you need
B.No, you need.
C.Yes, you have to
D.No, you must.
.标准答案:C

63.  The novel is well______  a second time.
A.worth to read
B.worth being read
C.worthy to read
D.worthy of being read
.标准答案:D

64.  It was under the bed______   my brother hid the ball this morning.
A.where         B.that          C.which         D.when         
.标准答案:B

65. ______  of the students admired this young English teacher.
A.Every one              B.Everyone                   
C.Anyone                      D.Each one              
.标准答案:A


三、阅读理解 (共8篇)
1. Long ago, in days of the Roman Empire, people used to believe a god of farming called “Saturn”. They believed that Saturn could make the weather good or bad, and that he had the power to control how much rain would fall.
Before a Roman farmer would plant his fields, he would try to get Saturn to give him good weather. He believed that if he killed an animal for Saturn, he would make Saturn happy. Then Saturn would make sure that the weather was good.
Not only did the people name a planet after Saturn but they also name a day of the week after him. They called this day “Saturn dies”, Latin words which mean “day of Saturn”. In English those words became Saturday.

 (1)  What was Saturn believed to be in charge of?
A.Rainfall.
B.The power of nature.
C.Farming.
D.Days in a week.
.标准答案:A

 (2)  Why did a Roman farmer kill an animal before planting his fields? Because_______.
A.killing an animal would bring him good luck
B.Saturn enjoyed eating animals
C.Saturn was happy to see animals being killed
D.he wanted to please Saturn so that Saturn would make the weather good for his planting
.标准答案:D

 (3) What was the correct order of what a Roman farmer did before planting his fields?
a. observing the weather
b. killing the animal
c. getting his farm tools ready
d. finding an animal
e. offering it to Saturn
f. waiting for good weather to come
A.a,b,c,d,e,f                 B.a,b,c,f,d,e                
C.a,d,b,e,f,c                 D.e,a,d,b,c,f                
.标准答案:C

 (4)  Which of the following is NOT TRUE?
A.Saturn is also the name of planet.
B.The Roman people used to believe Saturn to be their god
C.Saturn was named for the last day of the week.
D.Saturn had three meanings.
.标准答案:C

 (5)  What’s the purpose of the author to write this passage?
A.How the Romans worshipped Saturn.
B.Why the Romans believed in Saturn.
C.The different meanings of the word Saturn.
D.How Saturday got its name.
.标准答案:D

2. Elizabeth Blackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
    In 1849, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon (外科医师), but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.
Upon returning to the United States, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children Besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital , she also set up the first medical school for women.

 (1)  Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
A.She couldn’t get admitted to medical school.
B.She decided to further her education in Paris.
C.A serious eye problem stopped her.
D.It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United  States.
.标准答案:C

 (2)  What main obstacle almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?
A.She was a woman.
B.She wrote too many letters.
C.She couldn’t graduate from medical school.
D.She couldn’t set up her hospital.
.标准答案:A

 (3)  How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?
A.Eight years            B.Ten years             
C.Nineteen years         D.Thirty-six years      
.标准答案:A

 (4)  According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blackwell,
A.became the first woman physician.
B.was the first woman doctor.
C.and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children.
D.set up the first medical school for women.
.标准答案:B

 (5)  Elizabeth Blackwell spent most of her lift in_______.
A.England
B.Paris
C.the United States
D.New York City
.标准答案:C

3. One day two scientists were quarrelling about whose watch was better, the German one or the Japanese one. Since they were scientists, they decided to do an experiment to test the watches. They went into their lab and filled a basin with water, put the watches in, waited for 20 minutes and took them out.
They could see there was something wrong with both watches. They observed them for several hours before speaking to each other. They both silently found the German watch was losing 60 minutes and the Japanese are doubled that.
The scientists with the Japanese watch then slowly raised his head and said, “Both watch are out of work, but my watch is right more often than yours, so it’s better.” The scientist with the German watch went home without saying a word.

 (1)  The two scientists were quarrelling at the beginning of the story, because_______.
A.the Japanese watch was better
B.the German watch was better
C.each of them thought his own watch was better than the other’s
D.both the watches were wrong
.标准答案:C

 (2)  They did an experiment because they_______.
A.wanted to know whose watch was better
B.liked their lab
C.wanted to repair their watches
D.had a basin of water in their lab
.标准答案:A

 (3)  After they did the experiment, they found_______.
A.both their watches were good
B.neither of their watches could tell the correct time
C.there was something wrong with the German watch
D.there was something wrong with the Japanese watch
.标准答案:B

 (4)  After putting the Japanese watch in water for 20 minutes, two scientists found_______.
A.it was a good watch
B.it went forward
C.it went faster than the German one
D.it went backwards 120 minutes
.标准答案:D

 (5)  How about the German watch at last?
A.It went more correctly than before.
B.It stopped working.
C.It went as well as the Japanese one.
D.It was better that the Japanese one.
.标准答案:D

4. Driving cars, trucks and motorcycles is an important part of our lives. We do it every day to get to work, to school or to friends’ houses.
    Driving can be very convenient, but can also cause many problems. Waiting in line at a red light, a driver may get impatient and decide just to drive right through it. If another car is coming from the other direction, there might be a terrible accident. Cutting another car off can make its driver angry, so that driver cuts off someone else. Pretty soon everybody is angry, and impatient.
    Traffic accidents declare millions of lives every year worldwide. In Taiwan alone, over seven people are killed in accidents every day. The annual death rate (年死亡率) from traffic accidents in Taiwan is twice that of Japan.
To allow traffic to move smoothly and safely, everybody must follow the rules. Before you drive, learn all the traffic laws. That way of driving is safe, convenient and even fun!

 (1)  The word “convenient” in the passage means_______.
A.handy, easy to do
B.that can be changed
C.fond of drinking and merry-making
D.carriages or other trucks
.标准答案:A

 (2)  If you cut another car off, its driver may be_______.
A.impatient
B.terrible
C.angry
D.both A and B
.标准答案:C

 (3)  The sentence “Traffic accidents declare millions of lives” means “___ ____”.
A.Traffic accidents make some people become millionaires
B.Many people die from traffic accidents
C.Millions of people say they themselves have had traffic accidents
D.Millions of people remain healthy after traffic accidents
.标准答案:B

 (4)  According to the passage, driving can be safe if_______.
A.you are patient
B.you obey all the traffic rules
C.you don’t cut another car off
D.you wait in line at a red light
.标准答案:B

 (5)  Which of the following may be the best title for this passage?
A.Traffic Safety
B.A Careful Driver
C.How to Drive a Car
D.A Traffic Accident
.标准答案:A

5. Are you thinking of writing someone a letter? Call instead. It isn’t that expensive, especially when you call during the evening, night, or weekend hours. In fact, you can make a ten-minute call anywhere in the continental United  States for just $2.60.
For even greater saving, always dial direct, that is, without an operator’s help. Rates (资;费) on direct calls are lower after five o’clock in the evening and lowest after eleven o’clock at night. Collect, person-to-person, and pay phone calls require the services of an operator, and they cost more than direct calls.
Need to call out of the country? Now calls to many overseas places may be dialed direct. Check your telephone direction for overseas area codes.
Next time you have good news, or you just want to stay in touch, remember, a phone call means so much more than a letter. This has been a message from Southern Bell Telephone Company.

 (1)  To make a ten-minute call costs $2.60, if you are in New York and want to be connected with a person in_______.
A.Alaska                      B.Los Angeles           
C.Hawaii                      D.Mexico City           
.标准答案:B

 (2)  According to this passage, when is a dial telephone call cheapest?
A.During weekend hours.
B.After 5 in the evening.
C.During working hours.
D.After 11 at night.
.标准答案:D

 (3)  Which type of call requires less money?
A.A direct dial call.
B.A collect call.
C.A person-to-person call.
D.A call from a pay phone.
.标准答案:A

 (4)  What should one do in order to make an overseas call?
A.Dial the operator.
B.Call telephone Southern Bell Telephone Company.
C.Check the phone book for the overseas operator’s number so that he can help you.
D.Check the phone book for overseas area codes so that you can dial direct.
.标准答案:C

 (5)  This passage is_______.
A.an article             B.letter                     
C.a talk                 D.a dialogue            
.标准答案:C

6. Even if you are a good high-jumper, you can jump only about seven feet off the ground. You cannot jump any higher because the earth pulls you hard. The pull of the earth is called gravity.
You can easily find out the pull of the earth. If you weigh yourself, you will know how much gravity is pulling you.
    Since there is gravity, water runs down hill. When you throw a ball into the air, it falls back down. Because of gravity, you do not fall off the earth as it whirls (旋转) around.
Then, can we get away from the earth and go far out into space? Now you can do it, because spaceships have been invented. Then spaceship will go so fast that it can escape the earth’s gravity and carry you into space.

 (1)  In this passage, the word “gravity” means_______.
A.the pull of everything.
B.the force of attraction (吸引) among objects.
C.the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth
D.the force which attracts the earth towards the sun.
.标准答案:C

 (2)  When you slip you always fall to the ground because_______.
A.the earth always turns round.
B.the earth has gravity
C.the earth’s gravity is greater than your weight.
D.you are careless.
.标准答案:B

 (3)  Gravity is strong that_______.
A.it can throw a ball into the air.
B.it makes you jump only seven feet.
C.it can let you fly away from the earth.
D.it can keep everything on earth.
.标准答案:D

 (4)  Because of gravity,_______.
A.water flows everything.
B.we can go everywhere by ship.
C.water always flows downwards.
D.fish can live in water.
.标准答案:C

 (5)  We can get away from the earth by spaceship because_______.
A.the spaceship goes very fast.
B.the earth can’t pull the spaceship.
C.the spaceship has a strong force.
D.the spaceship can jump higher than other things.
.标准答案:A

7. In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 p.m. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it’s a matter of life and death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.
In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the attention to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise (产生) between people from cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour. It would be too impolite. A person who is 5 minutes late is expected to make a short apology. If he is less than 5 minutes late, he will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence.

 (1) “The same meaning is attached to telephone calls after 11:00 p.m.” Here “attached” means_______.
A.taken         B.drawn         C.given         D.shown        
.标准答案:C

 (2)  According to this passage, time plays an important role in _____.
A.everyday life          B.social life           
C.public life            D.private life          
.标准答案:B

 (3)  According to the passage, the author may agree to which of the following statements?
A.It is appropriate to send your invitation cards three or four days before a dinner party date in U.S.A.
B.It may be appropriate to send your invitation cards to your guests three or four days before a dinner party date in some countries.
C.It is best for one to make telephone calls at eight because it costs much less.
D.If one is less than 5 minutes late, he has to make a short apology.
.标准答案:B

 (4)  The best title for this passage is_______.
A.The Voice of Time
B.The Importance of Time
C.The Importance of an Announcement
D.Time and Tide Wait for No Man
.标准答案:A

 (5)  What is the purpose of the author to write this passage?
A.To tell us not to call someone very early.
B.To tell us the meaning of time differs in different parts of the world.
C.To tell us that we should treat time differently in cross-cultural communication.
D.To teach us how to apology when we are late.
.标准答案:C

8. The horse came into existence before man on earth. Although the earliest remains of primitive horses have been found on the North American continent, many scientists believe this small species traveled over a land mass. It became extinct (绝种的) in America. Other scientists believe that the horse may have originated in Asia. In any event the animal soon spread into China, Europe, and the Middle East. The first modern horses to be introduced into the American continent came with the early Spanish explorers. Horses were bred into many types. The heavy horses developed in the low countries of Europe and were used for work and by the medieval knights (中世纪骑士) to ride. The oldest breed of horses is said to be the Arabian. The only true wild horses left in 20th century are found in Mongolia. Horses are said to rate in intelligence after the ape, elephant, and the dog. They have excellent memories and can sometimes find their way home when lost, and sense danger better than their masters. The early civilizations of man that had made use of the horse developed more rapidly than those which had not.

 (1)  Where did the horse originate?
A.In the Middle East.
B.In Europe.
C.On the North American continent.
D.In Spain.
.标准答案:C

 (2)  What were the primary uses of the horse for early man?
A.For food.
B.For power.
C.To make money.
D.To work for him.
.标准答案:D

 (3)  What can be said about the varieties of horses?
A.The early horses were larger than the more modern breeds.
B.The only true wild horses left in the 20th century are in the Middle East.
C.The oldest breed of the modern horses is said to be the Arabian.
D.Medieval Knights preferred fast, active horses.
.标准答案:C

 (4)  Which of the following characteristics of horses is correct?
A.Poor memories.
B.More intelligent than the dog.
C.Great loyalty.
D.They can sense danger better than man.
.标准答案:D

 (5)  What might be the author’s possible purpose in writing this passage?
A.To tell readers that horse appeared earlier than human being.
B.To inform us that horses can help us a lot.
C.To introduce the history and characteristics of horses.
D.To introduce the primitive horses to modern man.
.标准答案:C


四、完形填空 (共2篇)
1. In sports the sexes are separate.    1    and men do not run or swim in the same races. Women are less strong than men. That at least is    2    people say. Women are    3    the “weaker sex”, or if men want to please them, “the fair sex”. But are women’s bodies really weaker? The fastest men can run a mile in    4    4 minutes. The best women need 5 minutes. Women’s times are always slower than    5   , but some facts are a surprise. Some of the    6   women swimmers today are teenage girls. This does not mean that women are    7   up with men. Conditions are very different now, and sports have become much    8    serious. It is so    serious that some women athletes are    9    hormone injections. At the Olympics, a doctor has to check    10    the women athletes are really women or not. It seems sad that sports have such problems. Life can be very complicated when there are two separate sexes.

 (1) 文中空处1
A.Woman         B.Males         C.Women         D.Females      
.标准答案:C

 (2) 文中空处2
A.that          B.which         C.what          D.who          
.标准答案:C

 (3) 文中空处3
A.call                        B.called                     
C.calls                       D.to call               
.标准答案:B

 (4) 文中空处4
A.among         B.between       C.under         D.amount       
.标准答案:C

 (5) 文中空处5
A.men’s        B.man           C.men           D.man          
.标准答案:A

 (6) 文中空处6
A.fast          B.faster        C.fastest       D.quickly      
.标准答案:C

 (7) 文中空处7
A.catch                       B.caught                     
C.catching                    D.to catch              
.标准答案:C

 (8) 文中空处8
A.least         B.more          C.most          D.less         
.标准答案:B

 (9) 文中空处9
A.given         B.been          C.taken         D.got          
.标准答案:A

 (10) 文中空处10
A.if            B.that          C.but           D.whether      
.标准答案:D

2. Earthquakes have been objects of worry and fear throughout history. No other natural event can    1    as much damage over so large an area in so short a time. Even in a single earthquake there    2    be ten thousand or even more than a hundred thousand    3    lost. Nearly all this loss, as well as much of the great damage,    4   , can be prevented or avoided. If    5    are constructed under any modern system and    6    checked, people would not be buried or    7   . With care and warning, deaths from fires can be reduced and damage from giant    8    can be controlled. Thus, by studying the earth’s    9    and surface, the effects of earthquakes can be    10  

 (1) 文中空处1
A.cause         B.make          C.take          D.produce      
.标准答案:A

 (2) 文中空处2
A.may           B.must          C.should        D.might        
.标准答案:A

 (3) 文中空处3
A.living        B.life          C.live          D.lives        
.标准答案:D

 (4) 文中空处4
A.however       B.but           C.then          D.so           
.标准答案:A

 (5) 文中空处5
A.roads         B.parks         C.buildings     D.bridges      
.标准答案:C

 (6) 文中空处6
A.carefully     B.busily        C.hardly        D.daily        
.标准答案:A

 (7) 文中空处7
A.broken        B.cut           C.knocked       D.killed       
.标准答案:D

 (8) 文中空处8
A.water         B.waves         C.seas          D.oceans       
.标准答案:B

 (9) 文中空处9
A.rocks         B.soil          C.air           D.secret       
.标准答案:A

 (10) 文中空处10
A.changed                     B.put down              
C.reduced                     D.turned                     
.标准答案:C

华东师范大学网络学院专升本招生简章

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